Harar was found in the 7th century and by the 16th
century was the capital of Adal Muslim state.it is famous for its excellent
hospitality, bustling traditional markets, handicraft products and its museums.
Centuries old craft-making traditions including weaving, jewelry and
bookbinding are well preserved and of particular interest to culture
To Muslims this historic walled cited, Harar, or the city of
rank only behind the sanctified trio of Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem as Islam’s
fourth- holiest city. With 82 mosques and 438 Awaach (shrines of important
Islamic scholars) crammed in to 48 hectares- the largest concertation in the
Harar “Jugol” inscribed as World Heritage Sites in regard its
unique gey gar (city houses), with their exceptional interior design, as the
most spectacular part of the city’s cultural heritage.
The Dorze tribe:
A rich weaving tradition. Dorze tribe house in Chencha village, Arba Minch,
South Ethiopia the Dorze name is synonymous with the best in woven cotton cloth
and the tall-up bee-hive shaped bamboo house. Their houses, standing up to 6 m
tall and built in a shape of elephant’s head, are the most unique traditional
structures in Africa. Staple food of the Dorze tribe is enset or false banana.
The Dorze dwellings are entirely organic: they are built using bamboo, grass,
and false banana leaves. A visit to the Dorze house is a pleasant and memorable
experience for the tourists.
The Konso tribe: The Konso peoples speak eastern Cushitic
language and are agriculturalists and weavers.These peoples are cryptic beyond
visitors’ imagination which is demonstrated in the distinctive idealization of
the figures and heroic lives of their deceased symbolized with wooden totem. Konso
are famous all over Ethiopia for their advanced methods of land cultivation,
ehich include irrigation and building of terraces. Also very famous are the
Konso’s waqa – carved wooden monuments erected on the graves. People of wooden icon
lies the widely cultivated Konso land that is embraced by Precambrian
serpentines and granites.
Hamer (Hamar or
Hammer) & Benna: are two of the
Omotic speakers of remote south west Ethiopia, with unique manifestations of
traditional wisdom, the “jumping of bull“. Jumping of bull the most important
event in the Hamer society is the Bull Jumping Ceremony, the rite which marks a
passage of men from one age group to another. This ceremony can be attended by
tourists visiting the Hamer territory. Two principal settlements of Hamer are
Dimeka and Turmi, especially colorful and interesting to visit on the market
The Karo tribe residing along the borders of the Lower Omo
River incorporates rich cultural symbolism. Tourists enjoy watching the Karo
preparing themselves for a celebration or traditional dance when they decorate
their bodies with chalk paint, often imitating the spotted plumage of Guinea
Fowl. The Karo excel in face and torso paintings. Elaborate facemasks are
created using locally found white chalk, yellow mineral rock, pulverized iron
ore and black charcoal. Karo women scarify their chests to beautify themselves
and become more appealing to their men. into their rituals by using ornate body
art, intricate headdresses, and significance within their community.
The most important ceremony in the life of a Karo is the
“Pilla”, or jumping over a group of oxen. This ritual marks the passage from
adolescence to adulthood. The ceremony is similar to that of the Hamar, however
the Karo only have four chances to jump over the oxen without falling.
The name Dassanech means
'People of the Delta. Watching the most important ritual of the Dassanetch is
the so-called dime. In theory, only a man who has had a daughter can be
circumcised, although in practice, circumcision is carried out on the entire
age-group. The daughter is most important in the dime ceremony. After the
ceremony, which takes six weeks, the participants are upgraded to ‘great men’,
or those that may engage in politics. The dime ritual is directly connected to
the upcoming marriage of the daughter when large quantities of cattle are
slaughtered for the occasion.
The tribe call themselves MUN, are cattle herders and
subsistence cultivators. The Mursi women known wearing Mind-blowing lip plates,
they are worn by girls and young married women as a symbol of beauty and sexual
maturity. Traditionally in Mursi, the dowry payment or bride wealthy depend on
the women’s lip.
The Surma people live in the remote southwest corner of
Ethiopia. The Surma have a basic subsistence and barter economy. Their wealth
is based on their cattle, and the main food source is the produce from their
own crops. There is very little outside trade. The Surma are a highly
monolingual and homogenous society, living beyond most of the influences of the
modern world and its technology.
They have very famous
traditional game called “Donga”
Donga : is a stick fighting festival of the Surma young men.
At a fight, each challenger is armed with a hardwood stick. Each player beats
his opponent with his stick as many times as possible with the intention of
knocking him down, and eliminating him from the game. Players are usually
unmarried men. The winner will be carried on a platform of poles to a group of
girls waiting at the open field. The winner holds the privilege to ask among
those girls for his own wife.